The sewer and wastewater system in the City of Orillia consists of approximately 140 kilometres of sanitary sewer, 20 sanitary sewage pumping stations, approximately 9 kilometres of sanitary forcemain, more than 2,000 manholes, a septage receiving facility and a Wastewater Treatment Centre.
Wastewater services provided by the Environmental Services and Operations Department includes:
Dumping waste material on private property
Pump station operations
Discharges to sanitary and storm sewers
Industrial noise and emissions
Noise and odours from pumping stations
Swimming pool discharge
Emptying Swimming Pools
A sanitary sewer system is a complex network of pipes and pumps buried beneath the street. The system is designed to transport wastewater from homes, businesses and industries to the treatment facility. When low areas of land must be sewered or where pipe depth under the ground surface becomes excessive, pump stations are normally installed.
Sanitary sewer backups are typically caused by:
Solids/debris - Typical solids that build up in the pipe and cause backups include fat, oil, grease, dirt, hair, bones, paper towels, kitty litter, diapers, broken dishware, garbage, concrete, and debris.
Tree root infiltration - Tree roots can cause backups. Tree roots take advantage of leaks or breaks and faulty pipe joints in the service line piping and may infiltrate the pipe system plugging the wastewater flow.
Structural defects in pipes - Significant sags in the service line, cracks, holes, protruding laterals, misaligned pipe, offset and open joints, and collapsing pipe material are all possible causes of backups.
How You Can Help Prevent a Sewer Backup
Here are a few things that you can do to prevent a sewer backup:
Do not flush paper towels, diapers, and feminine hygiene products down your toilet. These products do not deteriorate quickly like bathroom tissue and should be disposed of in your green bin or refuse bin.
Avoid pouring cooking oil and grease down the sink. There is a common misconception that it is okay to wash grease down the drain with hot water. In fact, the hot water will help to carry the grease down the drain, but quickly cools off as it flows into the sewer drain. When it does, it can solidify and clog the drain, resulting in a sewer backup.
Review your residential insurance policy or contact your agent to determine whether your policy covers damages due to sewer backups and/or water damage. In many cases, this additional coverage can be purchased at a minimal cost to cover your home in the event of a sewer back up incident. If you experience a sewer backup, record the details of damage and contact us and your insurance agent.
What City Staff Will Do
The first priority for City of Orillia staff arriving at the scene of a flood or sewer backup is to determine whether the sewer is functioning properly. City staff will determine whether the cause of the blockage originated on the private side of the sewer connection or on the City side.
City staff will first check the City's main sewer system adjacent to your property to make sure that it is working properly. If the problem exists in the City's main sewer system, it will be fixed as soon as possible at no cost to the homeowner.
The cause and location of the blockage usually determines who pays the cost of clearing the pipe. If the problem with the lateral exists on the private property side, then it is the property owner's responsibility to call a licensed plumbing / drain contractor to perform any additional maintenance or rehabilitation work to address the cause of the blockage.
If you have a sewer back up, please call: 705-329-7249 (Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.) or 705-326-4671 after hours.
Sewage Discharge By-Law
You cannot put everything down the sewer. The City of Orillia's wastewater treatment plant is designed primarily to service households with normal domestic wastewater. It cannot efficiently remove the toxic pollutants contained in some of the waste produced by business, industries, and institutions.
Discharges that do not meet the requirements outlined in the Sewage Discharge By-law could have serious consequences for public health and safety, the environment, and municipal infrastructure. Even if the discharge is very small in quantity, the total combined effect can be significant. Unauthorized discharges could result in:
Threat to the health and safety of sewer workers
Damage to municipal infrastructure
Interference with the normal operation of the wastewater treatment plant
Release of pollutants to Lake Simcoe
Inability to re-use our treated sludge (biosolids) beneficially
Customers who wish to connect to the municipal water or sanitary sewer system will be permitted to, provided there are services available at the property line. An Application and Estimate for Water and Sewer is required and must be paid for before a building permit will be issued.
For all water or sewer connection inquiries, please call 705-329-7249.
Sinks are not trash cans! Use of garbage grinders
Did you know?
Garbage grinders increase loads on treatment plants and can cause blockages in sewer pipes and pumping stations, resulting in additional maintenance costs.
Food waste from garbage grinders can cause your individual sewer line to backup, resulting in costly repairs and even damage to your house.
Garbage grinders use a lot of extra water to flush the waste.
For the reasons above, the Sewage Discharge By-law prohibits garbage grinders or food scrap grinders from being installed or connected to the City's sanitary sewer system. The By-law also prohibits residential, industrial, commercial and institutional establishments from replacing existing garbage grinders. Owners who continue to use their existing garbage grinders could end up paying for the cost of clearing sewer blockages on the street.
What can YOU do?
Remove garbage grinders currently installed in your home.
Put all food scraps into your backyard composter or green bin and empty all other solids into your recycling box or garbage for proper disposal.
Put strainers in kitchen sink drains to catch food scraps and other solids, and empty them in your backyard composter or green bin for disposal.
Please Don't flush That!
Pharmaceuticals, personal hygiene products, household hazardous waste, and fats, oils and grease are flushed down the toilet regularly.
Flushing your unused medications causes trace pharmaceuticals to be detected in groundwater (including drinking water), soil, lakes and streams.
Personal hygiene products, fats, oil and greases cause damage to the sewer system, including pipelines and pumps. This can cause backups to the sewer system which has the potential of backing up into your own home; this can be costly, let alone very unpleasant!
The City of Orillia's Wastewater Treatment Centre is not equipped to treat and remove large amounts of fats, oils and grease from the sewer system. This can cause major longterm impacts to Lake Simcoe's ecosystem.
By taking the 'I don't flush pledge', you can help drastically reduce the amount of unwelcome items in The City of Orillia's sewer system and Lake Simcoe.
For more information, please click here:
View the I Don't Flush YouTube video.
The City is kindly asking residents to please refrain from flushing "flushable" wipes. Did you know that even though baby wipes may indicate that they are flushable, they should not be put into our wastewater system? This also includes adult wipes, cleaning wipes (Clorox, Lysol, etc,), and toddler wipes. In fact, the only paper products that should be flushed is toilet paper. It is the only paper that is designed to break down as it travels through the wastewater treatment process. All others were NOT designed to breakdown and thus create problems within the wastewater system. They can also cause blockages in the property owner's sewer line and can lead to costly plumbing repairs.
Below is a list of items that should NOT be disposed of in the toilet:
cotton balls, swabs or pads
rags or cloths
rubber or plastic items (e.g. latex gloves)
fats, oils and grease
Other helpful links for business owners
Businesses have unique needs when it comes to water and sewage issues. Contact us if you have specific questions. Below are some helpful links: